可攜帶、移動式無線射頻識別之應用系統架構研究

 

指導教授 : 黃榮堂  研究生 : 陳俊杰  機電整合研究所 94年


摘要

  本論文研究的目的,是希望能夠開發、建立一個符合真正應用環境的RFID系統架構,透過此應用系統架構的建立與功能的驗證,來為RFID的行動應用系統增加新的應用模式。
  本論文研究所使用的RFID系統是採用13.56MHz;因為考量希望開發的讀取器模組的讀取距離能力要能有些距離,因此選擇ISO/IEC 15693的標準。至於系統中的RFID讀取器因為要具備可攜及移動的特性,因此連接後端資料處理、控制單元如數位個人助理(PDA)、電腦,甚至智慧型手機(Samrtphone)等裝置就必須是無線的方式來連接。也因為可攜及移動的考量,體積與消耗功率不可太大;目前在個人區域網路(Personal Area Network,PAN)應用技術中,藍芽、紅外線(IrDA)、Home RF、UWB、Zigbee、Wi-Fi(IEEE802.11 b/g)皆都可以成為連接媒介,但依目前市場應用普及性及方便性而言,藍芽是符合本研究系統的需求。因此在後端處理、控制單元同樣只要具備藍芽連接介面,就可以與本系統的RFID讀取器相連接。至於在軟體系統架構,透過DLL、XML、Web Services的技術,將RFID軟體系統與硬體系統彼此影響的關係降到最低,軟體使用、開發及傳輸資料格式公開可跨平台操作使用。

ABSTRACT

 The purpose that this thesis studies is hoping to develop, set up a RFID systematic structure according with and really using the environment, through this application system foundation and verification of function of structure, is it use the system to increase the new application way for the action of RFID to come.
RFID system used in this thesis research institute adopts 13.56MHz; Consider reader which have some distance from ability to read, so choose the standard of ISO/IEC 15693. Because the characteristic possessed and can be taken and moved of RFID reading device in the system, so connect materials dealing with, controller of back end like PDA , the computer, even Samrtphone Wait for the device to join by wireless way. Because the doing in the test amount that can be taken and moved too, volume and power of consuming can't be too large; In the Personal Area Network( PAN) at present In application technology, Bluetooth, IrDA , Home RF, UWB, Zigbee, Wi-Fi (IEEE802.11 b/g) can become media of connecting all, but speech but in accordance with market use popularization and convenience at present, Bluetooth accord with this research demand of system. So deal with the back end, the controller only possesses the Bluetooth and joins interfaces too, can link with RFID reading device of this system. As for in the systematic structure of the software, through the technology of DLL, XML, Web Services, it is lowest to bring the relation that RFID software system and hardware system influence each other down to, the software is used, develop and transmit the form of the materials to disclose and can step platform operation.